CEOS Instrument: C-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar

Instrument:C-Band SAR
Agency: ESA
Missions: Sentinel-1 A
 Sentinel-1 B
 Sentinel-1 C
Status:Being developed
Type:Imaging radar (SAR)
Description:Marine core services, land monitoring and emergency services. Monitoring sea ice zones and arctic environment. Surveillance of marine environment, monitoring land surface motion risks, mapping of land surfaces (forest, water and soil, agriculture), mapping in support of humanitarian aid in crisis situations
Spatial Resolution: Strip mode: 9 m, Interferometric wide swath mode: 20 m, extra-wide swath mode: 50 m, wave mode: 50 m
Swath Width: Strip mode: 80 km; Interferometric wide swath mode: 250 km, extra-wide swath mode: 400 km, Wave mode: sampled images of 20 x 20 km at 100 km intervals
Wavebands: C-band: 5.405 GHz; HH, VV, HH+HV, VV+VH; Incidence angle: 20-45
Technology: Imaging radar (SAR)
Description: If radar is used, the problem of diffraction-limited resolution in MW still applies. In this case, however, by analysing range, azimuth and Doppler effect of the (coherent) signals, synthetic aperture can be implemented, and resolutions typically of 10-30 m can be achieved. Several combinations of polarisations in transmission and reception can be implemented. Resolution can be traded-off with swath (e.g. 30 m / 100 km or 150 m / 400 km). Interferometry between views from different passes enable appreciating changes. SAR exploiting different bands (L, S, C, X) emphasise different features. Applicable only in LEO.

Measurement List:

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CEOS Systems Engineering Office (SEO)

CEOS Data Base Version: 17 - Created: 2012-01-18